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History of Bhubaneswar

The history of Bhubaneswar may be viewed in two phases: ancient Bhubaneswar and modern Bhubaneswar. While the ancient city has a history that goes back more than 2,000 years, the modern city came into existence in 1948.

The first mention of Bhubaneswar in Indian history is during the Kalinga War, which took place near Dhauli (presently located in the south of the city) in the 3rd century BCE.The later Emperor Kharavela established his capital at Sisupalgarh, on the outskirts of the modern city. The Hathigumpha inscriptions at the Udayagiri and Khandagiri Caves by Kharavela give a good account of that period which is estimated as 1st–2nd century BCE. Many temples built throughout the ancient and medieval periods provide a chronicle of the city's history.....Wikipedia